30-Year mortgage rates chart: Historical and current rates

What are today’s 30–year mortgage rates?

If you look at a 30–year mortgage rate chart, there’s a trend you can’t miss: Today’s rates are low. Really low.

Looking at the past 50 years, 30–year mortgage rates have averaged nearly 8%.

But today’s 30–year fixed rates are averaging just % (% APR), according to our lender network.*

These low mortgage rates represent historic savings for home buyers and refinancers alike.

Find your lowest mortgage rate. Start here (Nov 19th, 2021)

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30–year mortgage rates chart: Where are rates now?

Mortgage interest rates fell to record lows in 2020 and 2021 during the Covid pandemic.

Emergency actions by the Federal Reserve helped to push mortgage rates below 3% and keep them low.

But, with the economy in recovery mode, mortgage interest rates have risen since their all–time low in January 2021. And they’re likely to keep rising in 2022.

Current 30–year mortgage rates chart

Despite recent rises, today’s 30–year mortgage rates are still ultra–low from a historical perspective.

Freddie Mac – the main industry source for mortgage rates – has been keeping records since 1971.

Between 1971 and December 2020, 30–year mortgage rates averaged 7.89%.

But between January and October of 2021, they averaged just 2.93%.

Even if rates keep rising, many experts predict they won’t go above 4% in 2022. That means home buyers and homeowners should keep enjoying rates that are about half the historical average.

Historical 30–year mortgage rates chart

For some perspective on today’s mortgage interest rates, here’s how 30–year rates have changed from year to year over the past four decades.

Year Average 30-Year Rate Year Average 30-Year Rate Year Average 30-Year Rate
1973 8.04% 1989 10.32% 2005 5.87%
1974 9.19% 1990 10.13% 2006 6.41%
1975 9.05% 1991 9.25% 2007 6.34%
1976 8.87% 1992 8.39% 2008 6.03%
1977 8.85% 1993 7.31% 2009 5.04%
1978 9.64% 1994 8.38% 2010 4.69%
1979 11.20% 1995 7.93% 2011 4.45%
1980 13.74% 1996 7.81% 2012 3.66%
1981 16.63% 1997 7.60% 2013 3.98%
1982 16.04% 1998 6.94% 2014 4.17%
1983 13.24% 1999 7.44% 2015 3.85%
1984 13.88% 2000 8.05% 2016 3.65%
1985 12.43% 2001 6.97% 2017 3.99%
1986 10.19% 2002 6.54% 2018 4.54%
1987 10.21% 2003 5.83% 2019 3.94%
1988 10.34% 2004 5.84% 2020 3.10%

Can 30–year mortgage rates go lower?

The short answer is that mortgage rates could always go lower. But you shouldn’t expect them to.

The record–low rates seen in 2020 and 2021 were largely due to the Coronavirus pandemic.

When the economy crashed early on during Covid, the Federal Reserve forced interest rates down to keep money circulating.

In addition, investors tend to purchase mortgage–backed securities (MBS) during tough economic times because they are a relatively safe investment. MBS prices control mortgage rates – and the flood of capital into MBS during the pandemic helped keep rates low.

But those low–rate pressures were never meant to be permanent.

Mortgage rate predictions for

At the time of this writing (Nov. 2021), the U.S. economy was in a strong growth period coming out of the pandemic. And the Fed had just announced plans to start withdrawing its mortgage stimulus, pushing interest rates higher.

Inflation was also at a 30–year high. And rising inflation tends to drag rates up with it.

In short, all signs point toward higher rates in 2022 as the economy continues (hopefully) to expand.

So don’t wait on lower 30–year interest rates. They could fall for short periods of time, but we’re likely to see an overall upward trend in the coming months.

Find your lowest morgage rate before they rise further. Start here (Nov 19th, 2021)

Historical perspective: Banner years for mortgage interest rates

The long–term average for mortgage rates is about 8%. That’s according to Freddie Mac records going back to 1971.

But mortgage rates can move a lot from year to year – even from day to day. And some years have seen much bigger moves than others.

Here’s a look at just a few, to show how rates often buck conventional wisdom and move in unexpected ways.

1981 – The all–time high

1981 was the worst year for mortgage interest rates on record.

How bad is bad? The average mortgage rate in 1981 was 16.63%.

  • At 16.63% a $200,000 mortgage has a monthly cost for principal and interest of $2,800
  • Compared with the long–time average that’s an extra monthly cost of $1,300 or $15,900 per year

And that’s just the average – some people paid more.

For the week of Oct. 9, 1981, mortgage rates averaged 18.63%, the highest weekly rate on record, and almost five times the 2019 annual rate.

2008 – The slump

2008 was the final gasp of the mortgage meltdown.

Real estate financing was available in 2008 for 6.03% according to Freddie Mac.

  • The monthly cost for a $200,000 mortgage was about $1,200 per month, not including taxes and insurance

Post 2008, rates declined steadily.

2016 – An all–time low

Until recently, 2016 held the lowest annual mortgage rate on record going back to 1971. Freddie Mac says the typical 2016 mortgage was priced at just 3.65%.

  • A $200,000 mortgage at 3.65% has a monthly cost for principal and interest of $915
  • That’s $553 a month less than the long–term average

Mortgage rates had dropped lower in 2012, when one week in November averaged 3.31%. But some of 2012 was higher, and the entire year averaged out at 3.66% for a 30–year mortgage.

2019 – The surprise drop–off

In 2018, many economists predicted that 2019 mortgage rates would top 5.5%. That turned out to be wrong.

In fact, rates dropped in 2019. The average mortgage rate went from 4.54% in 2018 to 3.94% in 2019.

  • At 3.94% the monthly cost for a $200,000 home loan was $948
  • That’s a savings of $520 a month – or $6,240 a year – when compared with the 8% long–term average

In 2019, it was thought mortgage rates couldn’t go much lower. But 2020 and 2021 proved that thinking wrong again.

2021 – The lowest 30–year mortgage rates ever

Rates plummeted in 2020 and 2021 in response to the Coronavirus pandemic.

By July 2020, the 30–year fixed rate fell below 3% for the first time. And it kept falling to a new record low of just 2.65% in January 2021.

  • At 2.65% the monthly cost for a $200,000 home loan is $806 a month not counting taxes and insurance
  • You’d save $662 a month, or $7,900 a year – compared to the 8% long–term average

Due to the Federal Reserve’s promise of low interest rates post–COVID, mortgage rates are expected to stay low for years.

But as we’ve seen in the past, predictions about mortgage rates are often wrong.

That’s why when rates are good, experts recommend locking one in instead of waiting for potentially lower rates in weeks or months.

Factors that affect your mortgage interest rate

For the average homebuyer, tracking mortgage rates helps reveal trends. But not every borrower will benefit equally from today’s low mortgage rates.

Home loans are personalized to the borrower. Your credit score, down payment, loan type, loan term, and loan amount will affect your mortgage or refinance rate.

It’s also possible to negotiate mortgage rates. Discount points can provide a lower interest rate in exchange for paying cash upfront.

Let’s look at some of these factors individually:

Credit Score

A credit score above 720 will open more doors for low–interest–rate loans, though some loan programs such as USDA, FHA, and VA loans can be available to sub–600 borrowers.

If possible, give yourself a few months or even a year to improve your credit score before borrowing. You could save thousands of dollars through the life of the loan.

Down Payment

Higher down payments can shave your borrowing rate.

Most mortgages, including FHA loans, require at least 3% or 3.5% down. And VA loans and USDA loans are available with 0% down payment.

But if you can put 10%, 15%, or even 20% down, you might qualify for a conventional loan with low or no private mortgage insurance and seriously reduce your housing costs.

Loan Type

The type of mortgage loan you use will affect your interest rate. However, your loan type hinges on your credit score. So these two factors are very intertwined.

For example, with a credit score of 580 you may qualify only for a government–backed loan such as an FHA mortgage. FHA loans have low interest rates, but come with mortgage insurance no matter how much money you put down.

A credit score of 620 or higher might qualify you for a conventional loan, and – depending on your down payment and other factors – potentially a lower rate.

Adjustable–rate mortgages traditionally offer lower introductory interest rates compared to a 30–year fixed–rate mortgage. However, those rates are subject to change after the initial fixed–rate period.

So an initially lower ARM rate could rise substantially after 5, 7, or 10 years.

Loan Term

In this post we’ve tracked rates for 30–year fixed–rate mortgages, but 15–year fixed–rate mortgages tend to have even lower borrowing rates.

With a 15–year mortgage, you’d have a higher monthly payment because of the shorter loan term. But throughout the life of the loan you’d save a lot in interest charges.

At a 3% interest rate for a $200,000 home loan, you’d pay $103,000 in interest charges with a 30–year mortgage paid off on schedule. A 15–year fixed–rate mortgage would cost only about $49,000 in interest.

Loan Amount

Rates on unusually small mortgages – a $50,000 home loan, for example – tend to be higher than average rates because these loans are less profitable to the lender.

Rates on a jumbo mortgage loan tend to be higher, too, because lenders have a higher risk of loss. Jumbo loans help shoppers buy high–value real estate.

Discount Points

A discount point can lower interest rates by about 0.25% in exchange for upfront cash. A discount point costs 1% of the home loan amount.

For a $200,000 loan, a discount point would cost $2,000 upfront. However, the borrower would recoup the upfront cost over time thanks to the savings earned by a lower interest rate.

Since interest payments play out over time, a buyer who plans to sell the home or refinance within a couple years should probably skip the discount points and pay a higher interest rate for a while.

Some rate quotes assume the home buyer will buy discount points, so be sure to check before closing on the loan.

Other mortgage costs to keep in mind

Remember that your mortgage rate is not the only number that affects your mortgage payment.

When you’re estimating your home buying budget, you also need to account for:

  • Down payment
  • Closing costs
  • Discount points (optional)
  • Private mortgage insurance (PMI) or FHA mortgage insurance premiums
  • Homeowners insurance
  • Property taxes
  • HOA dues (if buying in a homeowners association)

Luckily, when you get pre–approved, you’ll receive a document called a Loan Estimate that lists all these numbers clearly for comparison.

Use your Loan Estimates to find the best overall deal on your mortgage – not just the best interest rate.

You can also use a mortgage calculator with taxes, insurance, and HOA dues included to estimate your total mortgage payment and home buying budget.

When to lock your mortgage rate

Keep an eye on daily rate changes. But if you get a good mortgage rate quote today, don’t hesitate to lock it in.

Remember, if you can secure a 30–year mortgage rate below 3% or 4%, you’re paying less than half as much as most American homebuyers in recent history. That’s not a bad deal.

Show me today’s rates (Nov 19th, 2021)

*Average rates are for sample purposes only. Your own interest rate will be different. See our mortgage rate assumption here

The information contained on The Mortgage Reports website is for informational purposes only and is not an advertisement for products offered by Full Beaker. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not reflect the policy or position of Full Beaker, its officers, parent, or affiliates.

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